Corporation tax is one of many taxes businesses face and is essentially income tax for companies. This article contains information about corporation tax – what it is and how you can plan and manage your tax returns.
So, do all businesses pay corporation tax? Only limited companies who are making profits are required to pay corporation tax in the UK, however, you will have to register for this tax within 3 months of starting to trade, regardless of whether you are forecasting profits or not.
Keep reading to find out how much corporate tax you’ll need to pay.
What Type of Business Has To Pay Corporation Tax?
Limited companies in the UK are required to pay corporation tax on profits. Therefore, once your business makes a profit, it must start paying corporation tax (unless it has previously incurred losses).
If your business is formed under an alternative structure, i.e you are a sole trader, or a community interest company, your tax responsibilities will be significantly different to that of a limited company by shares (LTD), and you may not be required to pay corporation tax.
Likewise, even if you are set up as a private limited company, there are circumstances when you will not have to pay any corporate tax. You will not have to pay corporation tax if your business is not making profits, or you have incurred losses in previous tax years that you can offset your current corporation tax liability.
Corporate Tax Planning
Corporate tax planning involves taking steps that could potentially reduce your tax liability while improving your profitability. Corporate tax planning is not an effort to avoid taxes, as failure to do so can result in fines, sanctions, and even imprisonment.
Proper business forecasting requires planning for corporate taxes, which can help improve your bottom line. We have previously written a guide about the importance of business forecasting here.
How Can I Reduce Corporation Tax?
One easy way to make sure that you aren’t spending more than you need to is to file your tax return within the required deadlines. This helps to qualify for tax relief, and to avoid late filing penalties. Increasingly, however, companies are seeking ways to reduce their corporation tax liabilities, and we can advise them on how to reduce their tax costs as much as possible. Since most people do not wish to pay more than they need to, we thought that we would outline some basic strategies that can help to offset your tax bill.
What Can I Offset Against Corporation Tax?
While the list is not exhaustive, and you should always check with your accountant, the following tips and strategies can be used to reduce your corporate tax liability:
When your business uses technical staff to solve complex problems, perhaps by developing new products, processes, or software, you could reduce your corporation tax by claiming Research & Development tax relief. The relief is as follows:
SME R&D relief allows companies to:
- deduct an extra 130% of their qualifying costs from their yearly profit, as well as the normal 100% deduction, to make a total 230% deduction
- claim a tax credit if the company is loss making, worth up to 14.5% of the surrenderable loss
You can claim directly against R&D spending and also the wages that you pay to technical staff, making the R&D tax relief system one of the most generous business reliefs of its kind.
Capital Allowances on Property
You can claim capital allowances when you buy assets that you keep to use in your business, and this applies to property too. If you spent any money on new commercial property, you are entitled to claim a 3% straight-line writing down on the qualifying costs. Recently purchased a swanky brand new office? The 3% relief can quickly start to add up…
It may sound obvious, but if you fail to document all of your business expenses throughout the year then your reported profit will be overinflated. As such, your company may be subjected to more tax than should be the case. So, make sure that you keep on top of your receipts!
An employee who uses their personal car to conduct business can claim expenses tax-free from the company, using statutory rates per mile of 45 per mile (up to the first 10,000 miles), and 25p (thereafter). The company’s reimbursement to employees will be accounted for under expenses, and thus reduce profits and the resulting tax liability.
As a business owner, you should take steps to keep the use of your personal allowances as effective as possible by combining dividends and salary in a tax-efficient way. If you are unsure about what the most appropriate compensation package is for you as a business owner, our tax advisory services can help you pick a structure that makes sense for your business.
It is also possible for companies to obtain a corporation tax deduction when they offer employee share options. Providing your employees with share options can be an effective method of motivating and rewarding employees. Considering the wide range of schemes available, advice is crucial to ensure you choose the right one for your business.
It is usually possible for companies to deduct pension contributions paid into pension schemes on behalf of their employees or directors from their profits. In order to qualify for relief, you must make payments before the end of the accounting period. This is a straightforward way of reducing corporation tax, although personal tax status should also be taken into consideration before making contributions.
Investment in Plant and Machinery
Purchasing certain business assets, such as new machinery, can result in immediate tax relief through the “Annual Investment Allowance” (AIA), which companies can claim up to a specified limit. The AIA was increased to £1m on 1 January 2019, which means businesses that invest in qualified items are able to write off a significant amount of the investment against their profits.
The Staff Party
A slightly more jovial tax relief – you can offset the cost of your annual staff party. Up to £150 per head (including VAT) in expenses for an annual staff party (such as the staff Christmas party) can be tax-free for the employees and tax-deductible for the employer. Not only does this reduce your corporation tax liabilities, but also is a great way to reward your employees for their service.
Hiring A Corporate Tax Accountant
Although limited companies are not legally obligated to use an accountant, there are many benefits of doing so, including completing your annual accounts and filing your company tax returns. If you are still on the fence, we wrote a blog about the benefits of hiring an accountant and what they can bring to your business.
Corporation Tax Services In Southend and Essex
If you think that you might like to enquire about hiring an accountant to help you then look no further than ARB Accountants. Our fixed fee accountancy services for limited companies ensures that no matter how complex your business operations, we’ll keep your records in order, and maximise your business’s potential.
If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to contact us here, and we’ll be more than happy to discuss your particular needs and circumstances. We also provide a free 60 minute consultation for directors looking for advice on their company’s accountancy needs. You can book your appointment here.