Why Would You Not Claim Capital Allowances?

Calculating your capital allowance claims can be quite tedious, especially if you are not an expert at taxes, and determining which items to make a claim on can be equally as difficult without the correct guidance. In this blog, ARB Accountants will discuss exactly why you would not make a claim for capital allowances so that you can make the decision for yourself. 

So, why would you not claim capital allowances? It is recommended not to claim for capital allowances if your business earns under £12,570, as you will be covered by your personal tax allowance resulting in no effect to your taxes. If your business is coming to the end of its life, or you own seasonal hire purchase machinery, you should also reconsider not claiming too. 

Keep reading to find out more about capital allowances including what items you can claim capital allowance for and how capital allowance is calculated for cars. 

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Why Would You Not Claim Capital Allowances?

When it comes to capital allowances, often the general opinion is to try and claim as much as you can in order to get some kind of reduction in tax. However, in some cases, it can actually be more beneficial not to claim for capital allowances. Take a look below at the main reasons why you may choose to avoid claiming capital allowances. 

Low ProfitsIn some cases, particularly if you are a start-up or a sole trader, your profits may only reach a level whereby your costs are covered by personal allowances (£12,570). This means that any claims for capital allowance will not contribute to a reduction in taxes or NIC liability. Therefore, applying for capital allowances would be a waste of time. 
Business Cessation If your business is unfortunately coming to the end of its life, then preserving the value of plants and machinery in the business is also highly valuable. This is because the cost of plant and machinery can strategically be brought forward to alleviate any potential balancing charges when closing down your business.  
Hire Purchase AgreementsIf the plant and machinery you have purchased falls under a hire purchase agreement, claims are only liable for outstanding payments when the item is in use. In the case of seasonal equipment that only gets used for a couple of months a year, you may find that the costs fall into a completely different financial year. As a result, you would not want to claim capital allowance on these items for said financial year. 

For more information on capital allowances, take a look at the informative video below.

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What Items Can You Not Claim Capital Allowances On?

Typically capital allowances are claimed on items that are used within your business and come under the category of ‘plant and machinery’. This is significant because it means that you can deduct the cost of these items from your profits before being taxed which will increase your net profit. However, to stop people from exploiting this, there are some regulatory frameworks which determine what you cannot claim capital allowances on and to help you out we have detailed them below. 

Items Used For Business Entertainment: 

You cannot claim capital allowances for items that are used for entertainment with your business. Examples of these types of items include karaoke machines, parties, or ping pong tables. Although some businesses do wish to invest in these to create a particular type of company culture, it does not mean that they are imperative to the day-to-day running of the business and therefore cannot be claimed as a capital allowance to receive a deduction from your annual profit. 

Land & Structures: 

Land and structures such as bridges, roads and docks are also examples of things that you cannot claim capital allowances on for your business costs. This is because they are considered to be assets rather than plant and machinery. Therefore, therefore hold a significant value which can later be sold by the business and added to the company capital, resulting in added value. 

Leased Items: 

Leased items are another example of products that cannot be claimed for capital allowance. Leased offices, leased equipment or leased products are not eligible for capital allowance deductions because companies are not liable for the cost of maintaining these products to run their businesses, therefore are already making a saving. 

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How are Capital Allowances Calculated for Cars?

If you purchase and use vehicles within your business you will also be able to claim for a capital allowance reduction. This means that you will be eligible for a deduction of part of the value from your profits before you pay tax, which ultimately reduces the taxes you pay. 

According to the Government website, you can claim the following rates for your car:

  • The full value of the car as first year allowances
  • 18% of the car’s value (main rate allowances)
  • 6% of the car’s value (special rate allowances)

It is important to note that which rate you choose also depends on when you bought the car and the level of its CO2 emissions. For more information on this, click here. 

Mileage & Expenses:

If you are a sole trader, you are eligible to claim for mileage expenses undertaken by your company vehicles. For the first 10,000 miles completed by the car, you can claim 45p per flat mile, and after 10,000 miles 25p per mile. Please do remember, that if you have already claimed for fuel expenses, you cannot claim for them again under capital allowances. 

Tax Advice at ARB Accountants:  

ARB Accountants offer Tax Advice services in Essex that includes expertise on capital allowance claims. . Our experienced chartered accountants in Southend will support you with all of your capital allowance requirements and questions to make sure that you make the most beneficial claims for your business. 

If you are interested in our tax advice service, don’t hesitate to get in touch today. 

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